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Bat And Home VideoHow to find and catch a bat in your house
Finger said, "Batman was originally written in the style of the pulps",  and this influence was evident with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals.
Batman proved a hit character, and he received his own solo title in while continuing to star in Detective Comics. Creators including Jerry Robinson and Dick Sprang also worked on the strips during this period.
Over the course of the first few Batman strips elements were added to the character and the artistic depiction of Batman evolved. Days later, at their grave, the child vows that "by the spirits of my parents [I will] avenge their deaths by spending the rest of my life warring on all criminals".
That story prompted editor Whitney Ellsworth to decree that the character could no longer kill or use a gun. By , the writers and artists behind the Batman comics had established most of the basic elements of the Batman mythos.
The impact of this editorial approach was evident in Batman comics of the postwar period; removed from the "bleak and menacing world" of the strips of the early s, Batman was instead portrayed as a respectable citizen and paternal figure that inhabited a "bright and colorful" environment.
Batman was one of the few superhero characters to be continuously published as interest in the genre waned during the s.
Wertham criticized Batman comics for their supposed homosexual overtones and argued that Batman and Robin were portrayed as lovers.
The tendency towards a "sunnier Batman" in the postwar years intensified after the introduction of the Comics Code. In the late s, Batman stories gradually became more science fiction-oriented, an attempt at mimicking the success of other DC characters that had dabbled in the genre.
By , sales of Batman titles had fallen drastically. Bob Kane noted that, as a result, DC was "planning to kill Batman off altogether".
Schwartz introduced changes designed to make Batman more contemporary, and to return him to more detective-oriented stories. He brought in artist Carmine Infantino to help overhaul the character.
The space aliens, time travel, and characters of the s such as Batwoman, Ace, and Bat-Mite were retired. The debut of the Batman television series in had a profound influence on the character.
The success of the series increased sales throughout the comic book industry, and Batman reached a circulation of close to , copies. Although both the comics and TV show were successful for a time, the camp approach eventually wore thin and the show was canceled in In the aftermath, the Batman comics themselves lost popularity once again.
As Julius Schwartz noted, "When the television show was a success, I was asked to be campy, and of course when the show faded, so did the comic books.
I went to the DC library and read some of the early stories. I tried to get a sense of what Kane and Finger were after.
The Animated Series , which debuted in The comic book, which tells the story of a year-old Batman coming out of retirement in a possible future, reinvigorated interest in the character.
The Batman comics garnered major attention in when DC Comics created a number for readers to call to vote on whether Jason Todd , the second Robin, lived or died.
A Death in the Family. The " Knightfall " story arc introduced a new villain, Bane , who critically injures Batman after pushing him to the limits of his endurance.
Writers Doug Moench , Chuck Dixon , and Alan Grant worked on the Batman titles during "Knightfall", and would also contribute to other Batman crossovers throughout the s.
Another writer who rose to prominence on the Batman comic series, was Jeph Loeb. Along with longtime collaborator Tim Sale, they wrote two miniseries The Long Halloween and Dark Victory that pit an early in his career version of Batman against his entire rogues gallery including Two-Face , whose origin was re-envisioned by Loeb while dealing with various mysteries involving serial killers Holiday and the Hangman.
In , Loeb teamed with artist Jim Lee to work on another mystery arc: Hush " for the main Batman book. The series became 1 on the Diamond Comic Distributors sales chart for the first time since Batman Oct.
Written by Frank Miller and drawn by Jim Lee, the series was a commercial success for DC Comics,   although it was widely panned by critics for its writing and strong depictions of violence.
Starting in , Grant Morrison and Paul Dini were the regular writers of Batman and Detective Comics , with Morrison reincorporating controversial elements of Batman lore.
Most notably of these elements were the science fiction themed storylines of the s Batman comics, which Morrison revised as hallucinations Batman suffered under the influence of various mind-bending gases and extensive sensory deprivation training.
In the miniseries Batman: In , the storyline Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne saw Bruce travel through history, eventually returning to the present day.
Although he reclaimed the mantle of Batman, he also allowed Grayson to continue being Batman as well. Bruce decided to take his crime-fighting cause globally, which is the central focus of Batman Incorporated.
Also, Bruce appeared in another ongoing series, Batman: Dick Grayson returns to the mantle of Nightwing and appears in his own ongoing series.
Batman Incorporated was relaunched in — to complete the "Leviathan" storyline. With the beginning of the New 52, Scott Snyder was the writer of the Batman title.
His first major story arc was " Night of the Owls ", where Batman confronts the Court of Owls , a secret society that has controlled Gotham for centuries.
The second story arc was " Death of the Family ", where the Joker returns to Gotham and simultaneously attacks each member of the Batman family.
The third story arc was " Batman: The final storyline before the " Convergence " storyline was " Endgame ", depicting the supposed final battle between Batman and the Joker when he unleashes the deadly Endgame virus onto Gotham City.
Starting with Batman vol. However, Bruce Wayne is soon revealed to be alive, albeit now suffering almost total amnesia of his life as Batman and only remembering his life as Bruce Wayne through what he has learned from Alfred.
Bruce Wayne finds happiness and proposes to his girlfriend, Julie Madison , but Mr. Bloom heavily injures Jim Gordon and takes control of Gotham City and threatens to destroy the city by energizing a particle reactor to create a "strange star" to swallow the city.
Bruce Wayne discovers the truth that he was Batman and after talking to a stranger who smiles a lot it is heavily implied that this is the amnesic Joker he forces Alfred to implant his memories as Batman, but at the cost of his memories as the reborn Bruce Wayne.
He returns and helps Jim Gordon defeat Mr. Bloom and shut down the reactor. Gordon gets his job back as the commissioner, and the government Batman project is shut down.
Batman was rebooted as starting with a one-shot issue entitled Batman: The series then began shipping twice-monthly as a third volume, starting with Batman vol.
The Batman series introduced two vigilantes, Gotham and Gotham Girl. As a child, Bruce witnessed the murder of his parents, Dr. Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne , which ultimately led him to craft the Batman persona and seek justice against criminals.
He resides on the outskirts of Gotham City in his personal residence, Wayne Manor. Although Bruce Wayne leads an active romantic life, his vigilante activities as Batman account for most of his time.
Various modern stories have portrayed the extravagant, playboy image of Bruce Wayne as a facade. Writers of Batman and Superman stories have often compared and contrasted the two.
Interpretations vary depending on the writer, the story, and the timing. He notes an equally stark contrast in their real identities.
Bruce Wayne and Clark Kent belong to different social classes: Julie and Murray did not want to coordinate their efforts, nor were they asked to do so.
Continuity was not important in those days. Batman is often treated as a vigilante by other characters in his stories. Frank Miller views the character as "a dionysian figure, a force for anarchy that imposes an individual order".
On several occasions former Robin Dick Grayson has served as Batman; most notably in while Wayne was believed dead, and served as a second Batman even after Wayne returned in In an interview with IGN , Morrison detailed that having Dick Grayson as Batman and Damian Wayne as Robin represented a "reverse" of the normal dynamic between Batman and Robin, with, "a more light-hearted and spontaneous Batman and a scowling, badass Robin".
Morrison explained his intentions for the new characterization of Batman: Over the years, there have been numerous others to assume the name of Batman, or to officially take over for Bruce during his leaves of absence.
Jean Paul Valley , also known as Azrael , assumed the cowl after the events of the Knightfall saga. Endgame , and served as Batman in and Batman faces a variety of foes ranging from common criminals to outlandish supervillains.
The Joker is considered by critics to be his perfect adversary, since he is the antithesis of Batman in personality and appearance; the Joker has a maniacal demeanor with a colorful appearance, while Batman has a serious and resolute demeanor with a dark appearance.
As a "personification of the irrational", the Joker represents "everything Batman [opposes]". He is sometimes portrayed as a sidekick to Batman and the only other resident of Wayne Manor aside from Bruce.
The informal name " Batman family " is used for a group of characters closely allied with Batman, generally masked vigilantes who either have been trained by Batman or operate in Gotham City with his tacit approval.
Batman is at times a member of superhero teams such as the Justice League of America and the Outsiders. In pre-Crisis continuity, the two are depicted as close friends; however, in current continuity, they are still close friends but an uneasy relationship, with an emphasis on their differing views on crime-fighting and justice.
Then, with some gadget from his utility belt, he reminds me that he has an extraordinarily inventive mind. And how lucky I am to be able to call on him.
In the s he finally grew up, went off to college and became the hero Nightwing. A second Robin, Jason Todd , appeared in the s. In the stories he was eventually badly beaten and then killed in an explosion set by the Joker, but was later revived.
The third Robin in mainstream comics is Tim Drake , who first appeared in He went on to star in his own comic series, and currently goes by Red Robin , a variation on the traditional Robin persona.
In the first decade of the new millennium, Stephanie Brown served as the fourth in-universe Robin between stints as her self-made vigilante identity The Spoiler, and later as Batgirl.
The role eventually passed to Damian Wayne , the ten-year-old son of Bruce Wayne and Talia al Ghul , in the late s.
Unlike the Robins, Bluebird is willing and permitted to use a gun, albeit non-lethal ; her weapon of choice is a modified rifle that fires taser rounds.
Helena Wayne is the biological daughter of Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle of an alternate universe established in the early s Multiverse where the golden-age stories took place.
Terry McGinnis is the biological son of Bruce Wayne in the DC animated universe , and has taken over the role as Batman when Bruce has become too elderly to do it.
Bruce Wayne has been portrayed as being romantically linked with many women throughout his various incarnations. The most significant relationships occurred with Selina Kyle, who is also Catwoman  and Talia al Ghul , as both women gave birth to his biological offsprings, Helena Wayne and Damian Wayne, respectively.
Although Catwoman is typically portrayed as a villain, Batman and Catwoman have worked together in achieving common goals and are usually depicted as having a romantic connection.
In an early s storyline, Selina Kyle and Bruce Wayne develop a relationship, in which the closing panel of the final story shows her referring to Batman as "Bruce".
However, a change in the editorial team brought a swift end to that storyline and, apparently, all that transpired during the story arc.
The story shows Selina saving Bruce from Poison Ivy. However, the relationship ends when Bruce rejects her advances twice; once as Bruce and once as Batman.
Dark Victory , he stands her up on two holidays, causing her to leave him for good and to leave Gotham City for a while.
When the two meet at an opera many years later, during the events of the twelve-issue story arc called " Hush ", Bruce comments that the two no longer have a relationship as Bruce and Selina.
However, "Hush" sees Batman and Catwoman allied against the entire rogues gallery and rekindling their romantic relationship. They have a daughter named Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress.
Batman and Catwoman are shown having a sexual encounter on the roof of a building in Catwoman vol. The two also have a romantic relationship, in which they are shown having a sexual encounter on a rooftop and sleeping together.
When he does so, she says, "Yes. Towards the end, the story is flash-forwarded to the future, in which Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle are a married couple in their golden years.
Bruce receives a terminal medical diagnosis, and Selina cares for him until his death. Batman has no inherent superhuman powers; he relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess".
Doomed story arc, Superman considers Batman to be one of the most brilliant minds on the planet. Batman has trained extensively in various martial arts, mastering many different types, making him one of the best hand-to-hand fighters in the DC Universe.
Batman is strongly disciplined, and he has the ability to function under great physical pain and resist most forms of telepathy and mind control.
He is a master of disguise , multilingual, and an expert in espionage , often gathering information under the identity of a notorious gangster named Matches Malone.
Batman is highly skilled in stealth movement and escapology , which allows him to appear and disappear at will and to break free of nearly inescapable deathtraps with little to no harm.
Batman is an expert in interrogation techniques and his intimidating and frightening appearance alone is often all that is needed in getting information from suspects.
This unyielding moral rectitude has earned him the respect of several heroes in the DC Universe, most notably that of Superman and Wonder Woman.
Among physical and other crime fighting related training, he is also proficient at other types of skills.
Some of these include being a licensed pilot in order to operate the Batplane , as well as being able to operate other types of machinery. In some publications, he underwent some magician training.
Batman utilizes a vast arsenal of specialized, high-tech vehicles and gadgets in his war against crime, the designs of which usually share a bat motif.
Finger and Kane originally conceptualized Batman as having a black cape and cowl and grey suit, but conventions in coloring called for black to be highlighted with blue.
It protects him from gunfire and other significant impacts. His gloves typically feature three scallops that protrude from long, gauntlet-like cuffs, although in his earliest appearances he wore short, plain gloves without the scallops.
Everybody loves to draw Batman, and everybody wants to put their own spin on it. Batman also has an aircraft called the Batplane later called the "Batwing" , along with various other means of transportation.
In proper practice, the "bat" prefix as in Batmobile or batarang is rarely used by Batman himself when referring to his equipment, particularly after some portrayals primarily the s Batman live-action television show and the Super Friends animated series stretched the practice to campy proportions.
For example, the s television show depicted a Batboat , Bat-Sub , and Batcycle , among other bat-themed vehicles. The s television series Batman has an arsenal that includes such "bat-" names as the bat-computer, bat-scanner, bat-radar, bat-cuffs, bat-pontoons, bat-drinking water dispenser, bat-camera with polarized bat-filter, bat- shark repellent bat-spray, and bat-rope.
The Batmobile was redesigned in when DC Comics relaunched its entire line of comic books, with the batmobile being given heavier armor and new aesthetics.
Batman keeps most of his field equipment in his utility belt. Over the years it has shown to contain an assortment of crime-fighting tools, weapons, and investigative and technological instruments.
Different versions of the belt have these items stored in compartments, often as pouches or hard cylinders attached evenly around it. Batman is often depicted as carrying a projectile which shoots a retractable grappling hook attached to a cable.
This allows him to attach to distant objects, be propelled into the air, and thus swing from the rooftops of Gotham City. When Batman is needed, the Gotham City police activate a searchlight with a bat-shaped insignia over the lens called the Bat-Signal, which shines into the night sky, creating a bat-symbol on a passing cloud which can be seen from any point in Gotham.
The origin of the signal varies, depending on the continuity and medium. In various incarnations, most notably the s Batman TV series , Commissioner Gordon also has a dedicated phone line, dubbed the Bat-Phone, connected to a bright red telephone in the TV series which sits on a wooden base and has a transparent top.
As his command center, the Batcave serves multiple purposes; supercomputer, surveillance, redundant power-generators, forensics lab, medical infirmary, private study, training dojo, fabrication workshop, arsenal, hangar and garage.
It houses the vehicles and equipment Batman uses in his campaign to fight crime. In both the comic Batman: Shadow of the Bat 45 and the film Batman Begins , the cave is said to have been part of the Underground Railroad.
Scholars William Uricchio and Roberta E. Pearson noted in the early s, "Unlike some fictional characters, the Batman has no primary urtext set in a specific period, but has rather existed in a plethora of equally valid texts constantly appearing over more than five decades.
Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha , murdered with a gun by a mugger named Joe Chill. Batman refuses to utilize any sort of gun on the principle that a gun was used to murder his parents.
This event drove him to train his body to its peak condition and fight crime in Gotham City as Batman. As these comics state, Bruce Wayne is born to Dr.
Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha, two very wealthy and charitable Gotham City socialites. Bruce is brought up in Wayne Manor , and leads a happy and privileged existence until the age of eight, when his parents are killed by a small-time criminal named Joe Chill while on their way home from a movie theater.
That night, Bruce Wayne swears an oath to spend his life fighting crime. He engages in intense intellectual and physical training; however, he realizes that these skills alone would not be enough.
I must be a creature of the night, black, terrible Batman also becomes a founding member of the Justice Society of America ,  although he, like Superman, is an honorary member,  and thus only participates occasionally.
Batman is not significantly changed by the late s for the continuity which would be later referred to as Earth-One. The lighter tone Batman had taken in the period between the golden and silver ages led to the stories of the late s and early s that often feature many science-fiction elements, and Batman is not significantly updated in the manner of other characters until Detective Comics May , in which Batman reverts to his detective roots, with most science-fiction elements jettisoned from the series.
The two have a daughter, Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress. Wayne holds the position of police commissioner until he is killed during one final adventure as Batman.
Batman titles however often ignored that a distinction had been made between the pre-revamp and post-revamp Batmen since unlike The Flash or Green Lantern , Batman comics had been published without interruption through the s and would occasionally make reference to stories from the golden age.
Additions include meetings with a future Superman during his youth, his upbringing by his uncle Philip Wayne introduced in Batman , Feb. Batman and Superman are usually depicted as close friends.
In the s and s, Brave and the Bold became a Batman title, in which Batman teams up with a different DC Universe superhero each month.
In the s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing. In the final issue of Brave and the Bold in , Batman quits the Justice League and forms a new group called the Outsiders.
After the issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths , DC Comics retconned the histories of some major characters in an attempt at updating them for contemporary audiences.
Additionally, Batman is no longer a founding member of the Justice League of America, although he becomes leader for a short time of a new incarnation of the team launched in To help fill in the revised backstory for Batman following Crisis , DC launched a new Batman title called Legends of the Dark Knight in and has published various miniseries and one-shot stories since then that largely take place during the "Year One" period.
Subsequently, Batman begins exhibiting an excessive, reckless approach to his crime-fighting, a result of the pain of losing Jason Todd.
Many of the major Batman storylines since the s have been inter-title crossovers that run for a number of issues. In , DC published " Knightfall ".
The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd", as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne.
Wayne hands the Batman mantle to Dick Grayson then Nightwing for an interim period, while Wayne trains for a return to the role. The company-wide crossover storyline " Zero Hour " changes aspects of DC continuity again, including those of Batman.
Noteworthy among these changes is that the general populace and the criminal element now considers Batman an urban legend rather than a known force.
Officer Down" and "Batman: Fugitive " story arcs. Light after he raped Sue Dibny. Batman later creates the Brother I satellite surveillance system to watch over and, if necessary, kill the other heroes after he remembered.
Picking up a gun, Batman nearly shoots Luthor in order to avenge his former sidekick, until Wonder Woman convinces him to not pull the trigger.
Part of this absence is captured during Week 30 of the 52 series, which shows Batman fighting his inner demons. This becomes an important part of the regular Batman title, which reveals that Batman is reborn as a more effective crime fighter while undergoing this ritual, having "hunted down and ate" the last traces of fear in his mind.
Batman, along with Superman and Wonder Woman, reforms the Justice League in the new Justice League of America series,  and is leading the newest incarnation of the Outsiders.
The story ends with Batman retrieving the god-killing bullet used to kill Orion, setting up its use in "Final Crisis". The Return of Bruce Wayne , which depicted his travels through time from prehistory to present-day Gotham.
Bruce publicly announced that Wayne Enterprises will aid Batman on his mission, known as "Batman, Incorporated".
The relaunch also interrupted the publication of Batman, Incorporated , which resumed its story in — with changes to suit the new status quo.
Batman has become a pop culture icon, recognized around the world. He is at once an icon and a commodity: The character of Batman has appeared in various media aside from comic books, such as newspaper syndicated comic strips , books, radio dramas, television, a stage show , and several theatrical feature films.
The first adaptation of Batman was as a daily newspaper comic strip which premiered on October 25, While Batman never had a radio series of his own, the character made occasional guest appearances in The Adventures of Superman starting in on occasions when Superman voice actor Bud Collyer needed time off.
The exposure provided by these adaptations during the s "helped make [Batman] a household name for millions who never bought a comic book".
Batman is portrayed for purposes of spoof as a pretentious French-speaking rich man. Inflected with a camp sense of humor, the show became a pop culture phenomenon.
The series ran for episodes; ending in In between the first and second season of the Batman television series, the cast and crew made the theatrical film Batman Animation and featuring Kevin Conroy as the voice of Batman.
The series received considerable acclaim for its darker tone, mature writing, stylistic design, and thematic complexity compared to previous superhero cartoons,   in addition to multiple Emmy Awards.
Mask of the Phantasm ,  as well as various spin-off TV series; including Superman: The futuristic series Batman Beyond also took place in this same animated continuity and featured a newer, younger Batman voiced by Will Friedle , with the elderly Bruce Wayne again voiced by Conroy as a mentor.
In , an unrelated animated series titled The Batman made its debut with Rino Romano voicing Batman. In , this show was replaced by another animated series, Batman: For the season 1 finale of Titans , Alain Moussi portrays Batman as a stunt double.
To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the character, Warner Bros aired the television short film , Batman: In , Warner Bros.
The film was a huge success; not only was it the top-grossing film of the year, but at the time was the fifth highest-grossing film in history.
The second Schumacher film failed to outgross any of its predecessors and was critically panned; causing Warner Bros.
In , Batman Begins was released by Warner Bros. Its sequel, The Dark Knight , set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U.
Kevin Conroy has reprised his voice role of Batman for several of these films, while others have featured celebrity voice actors in the role; including Jeremy Sisto , William Baldwin , Bruce Greenwood , Ben McKenzie , and Peter Weller.
Dawn of Justice , directed by Zack Snyder. Since , Batman has starred in multiple video games, most of which were adaptations of the various cinematic or animated incarnations of the character.
Among the most successful of these games is the Batman: The first installment, Batman: Arkham Knight has also been released by Rocksteady.
In , Telltale Games released Batman: The Enemy Within , was released in Gay interpretations of the character have been part of the academic study of Batman since psychologist Fredric Wertham asserted in Seduction of the Innocent in that "Batman stories are psychologically homosexual The Batman type of story may stimulate children to homosexual fantasies, of the nature of which they may be unconscious.
He also identifies a homophobic element to the vigor with which mainstream fandom rejects the possibility of a gay reading of the character.
Creators associated with the character have expressed their own opinions. Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view.
All these women fancy him and they all wear fetish clothes and jump around rooftops to get to him. Homophobia and Batman Comics in the s".
In Batman and Psychology: A Dark and Stormy Knight , Travis Langley argues that the concept of archetypes as described by psychologists Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell is present in the Batman mythos, such that the character represents the "shadow archetype".
Langley argues that Bruce Wayne confronts his own darkness early in life; he chooses to use it to instill fear in wrongdoers, with his bright and dark sides working together to fight evil.
Langley uses the Jungian perspective to assert that Batman appeals to our own need to face our "shadow selves".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the fictional character. For other uses, see Batman disambiguation. Bob Kane Bill Finger  .
Matches Malone  Lefty Knox . List of Batman comics. Slide a piece of cardboard or container lid under the container slowly and gently to enclose the bat within the container and lid.
Carry the container outside and release the bat back into your yard. While it is preferable that you release a bat after nightfall, you should not keep the bat contained until then if you catch one during the day.
Catch the bat in a net or blanket. Another viable way to catch the bat is to use a decent sized cloth or net to capture the bat once it has landed.
Depending on the thickness of the cloth or net, this method may involve more direct contact with the bat. Place the net or cloth over the bat rapidly to avoid giving it an opportunity to fly away.
The net may trap the bat immediately. If you are using a cloth towel or blanket, place it over the bat, then gently wrap the bat up with it.
Carry the bat outdoors while still in the net or cloth, then release it. It is better for the bat if you release it after nightfall, but you should not keep the bat contained until evening if you capture it during the day.
You will need to identify where the bats are getting in and out of your house in order to prevent them from returning once you have removed them.
Bats often roost in attics, so look for gaps in the siding of your home, open windows or cracks. Make sure traditional openings like windows and grain doors in barns are closed securely.
Seal off all but the main entrance and exit. Once you have identified the different places the bats have been accessing your house from, seal off all but one of them.
The other holes and gaps can be as small as a half inch and can easily be filled with caulk or sealed off with a piece of wood. Set up a one-way exclusion device.
Exclusion devices allow bats to exit your house in the evening just like normal, but prevents them from being able to come back in. There are a number of different types of exclusion devices you can make or that are available for purchase.
Exclusion devices can be bought at the store if you would rather not attempt to construct one yourself. Make your own exclusion device.
While you can purchase a variety of exclusion devices to help you remove the bats from your home, you can also create your own fairly easily with some screen and thumbtacks or a staple gun.
Narrow the tented space in the screen down to a point about an inch wide at the bottom so the screen resembles a funnel from the top of the entrance to the narrow hole in the bottom.
Bats will crawl out through the opening at the bottom of the screen, but be unable to grip and crawl back up to the entrance.
Seal off the exclusion device exit. After the bats are all out of your house, you will need to seal the main entrance that you had placed the exclusion device on to make sure no bats find their way back into your home.
Clean up the area the bats resided in. Once the area is secure and the bats have vacated, you should make sure to clean up all bat droppings in your house.
Bat droppings and urine can create issues for you and your family. Bat droppings can lead to mold. Clean up bat droppings using a vacuum and all-purpose cleaner.
Make sure to wash your hands when you are done. Bats like almost anything tiny, but their main appetite varies from mosquitoes to moths, and some bats even eat frogs and other small animals.
Megabats mostly eat ripe fruit found in rain forests. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Yes, if it is able to and and as long as you do not have something left out that bats like to eat.
Not Helpful 1 Helpful 1. The bat is in one room with the doors closed and and one outdoor access. What should I do? Check behind curtains or drapes because they love hanging upside down on them.
If you find it, use a blanket to drape over it and try to bundle the blanket to trap it. Then take the bat outdoors and release it.
Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. Bats kill thousands of mosquitoes each night. It will fall into the bag before it starts flying.
How do I remove bats from a covered ventilation system? Answer this question Flag as Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Warnings Limit contact with bats as they may carry rabies or other communicable diseases.
Always wash your hands after coming into contact with a wild animal. Article Summary X To remove a bat from your home, block off the doors to other rooms to contain the bat in one area.
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Download our annual report and view our performance summary online. Annual Report and Form F Our sustainability reports include a focus on our ongoing commitment to harm reduction.
Find out about our approach to human rights in our Modern Slavery Act Statement. Modern Slavery Act Statement View all press releases.
Area Director, Beverley Spencer-Obatoyinbo , said: View all news and features. We are a leading global company We are BAT.
We are transforming tobacco We are BAT. We are partners We are BAT. They are important in their ecosystems for pollinating flowers and dispersing seeds; many tropical plants depend entirely on bats for these services.
Bats provide humans with some benefits, at the cost of some threats. Bat dung has been mined as guano from caves and used as fertiliser.
Bats consume insect pests, reducing the need for pesticides. They are sometimes numerous enough to serve as tourist attractions, and are used as food across Asia and the Pacific Rim.
They are natural reservoirs of many pathogens , such as rabies ; and since they are highly mobile, social, and long-lived, they can readily spread disease.
In many cultures, bats are popularly associated with darkness, malevolence, witchcraft, vampires , and death. An older English name for bats is flittermouse , which matches their name in other Germanic languages for example German Fledermaus and Swedish fladdermus , related to the fluttering of wings.
Middle English had bakke , most likely cognate with Old Swedish natbakka "night-bat" , which may have undergone a shift from -k- to -t- to Modern English bat influenced by Latin blatta , "moth, nocturnal insect".
The word "bat" was probably first used in the early s. Bats were formerly grouped in the superorder Archonta , along with the treeshrews Scandentia , colugos Dermoptera , and primates.
Euarchontoglires primates, treeshrews, rodents, rabbits. Eulipotyphla hedgehogs, shrews, moles, solenodons. Carnivora cats, hyenas, dogs, bears, seals.
Perissodactyla horses, tapirs, rhinos. Cetartiodactyla camels, ruminants, whales. The phylogenetic relationships of the different groups of bats have been the subject of much debate.
The traditional subdivision into Megachiroptera and Microchiroptera reflected the view that these groups of bats had evolved independently of each other for a long time, from a common ancestor already capable of flight.
This hypothesis recognised differences between microbats and megabats and acknowledged that flight has only evolved once in mammals. Most molecular biological evidence supports the view that bats form a natural or monophyletic group.
Megadermatidae false vampire bats. Hipposideridae Old World leaf-nosed bats. Miniopteridae long winged bat. Mystacinidae New Zealand short-tailed bats.
Phyllostomidae New World leaf-nosed bats. Genetic evidence indicates that megabats originated during the early Eocene , and belong within the four major lines of microbats.
In the s, a hypothesis based on morphological evidence stated the Megachiroptera evolved flight separately from the Microchiroptera.
The flying primate hypothesis proposed that, when adaptations to flight are removed, the Megachiroptera are allied to primates by anatomical features not shared with Microchiroptera.
For example, the brains of megabats have advanced characteristics. Although recent genetic studies strongly support the monophyly of bats,  debate continues about the meaning of the genetic and morphological evidence.
The discovery of an early fossil bat from the 52 million year old Green River Formation , Onychonycteris finneyi , indicates that flight evolved before echolocative abilities.
It also had longer hind legs and shorter forearms, similar to climbing mammals that hang under branches, such as sloths and gibbons.
This palm-sized bat had short, broad wings, suggesting that it could not fly as fast or as far as later bat species.
Instead of flapping its wings continuously while flying, Onychonycteris probably alternated between flaps and glides in the air.
This model of flight development, commonly known as the "trees-down" theory, holds that bats first flew by taking advantage of height and gravity to drop down on to prey, rather than running fast enough for a ground-level take off.
The molecular phylogeny is controversial, as it points to microbats not having a unique common ancestry , which implies that some seemingly unlikely transformations occurred.
The first is that laryngeal echolocation evolved twice in bats, once in Yangochiroptera and once in the rhinolophoids.
The Eocene bats Icaronycteris 52 million years ago and Palaeochiropteryx had cranial adaptations suggesting an ability to detect ultrasound.
This may have been used at first mainly to forage on the ground for insects and map out their surroundings in their gliding phase, or for communicative purposes.
After the adaptation of flight was established, it may have been refined to target flying prey by echolocation. Bats are placental mammals.
Around twenty years later, the German naturalist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach gave them their own order, Chiroptera. Microbats use echolocation for navigation and finding prey, but megabats apart from those in the genus Rousettus do not, relying instead on their eyesight.
The following classification from Agnarsson and colleagues in reflects the traditional division into megabat and microbat suborders.
The head and teeth shape of bats can vary by species. In general, megabats have longer snouts, larger eye sockets and smaller ears, giving them a more dog-like appearance, which is the source of their nickname of "flying foxes".
Small insect-eating bats can have as many as 38 teeth, while vampire bats have only Bats that feed on hard-shelled insects have fewer but larger teeth with longer canines and more robust lower jaws than species that prey on softer bodied insects.
In nectar-feeding bats, the canines are long while the cheek-teeth are reduced. In fruit-eating bats, the cusps of the cheek teeth are adapted for crushing.
The upper incisors of vampire bats lack enamel , which keeps them razor-sharp. Bats are the only mammals capable of sustained flight, as opposed to gliding , as in the flying squirrel.
The finger bones of bats are much more flexible than those of other mammals, owing to their flattened cross-section and to low levels of calcium near their tips.
The elongation of bat digits, a key feature required for wing development, is due to the upregulation of bone morphogenetic proteins Bmps.
During embryonic development , the gene controlling Bmp signalling, Bmp2 , is subjected to increased expression in bat forelimbs—resulting in the extension of the manual digits.
This crucial genetic alteration helps create the specialised limbs required for powered flight. The relative proportion of extant bat forelimb digits compared with those of Eocene fossil bats have no significant differences, suggesting that bat wing morphology has been conserved for over 50 million years.
The wing bones of bats have a slightly lower breaking stress point than those of birds. As in other mammals, and unlike in birds, the radius is the main component of the forearm.
Bats have five elongated digits, which all radiate around the wrist. The thumb points forward and supports the leading edge of the wing, and the other digits support the tension held in the wing membrane.
The second and third digits go along the wing tip, allowing the wing to be pulled forward against aerodynamic drag , without having to be thick as in pterosaur wings.
The fourth and fifth digits go from the wrist to the trailing edge , and repel the bending force caused by air pushing up against the stiff membrane.
The wings of bats are much thinner and consist of more bones than the wings of birds, allowing bats to manoeuvre more accurately than the latter, and fly with more lift and less drag.
These sensitive areas are different in bats, as each bump has a tiny hair in the centre, making it even more sensitive and allowing the bat to detect and adapt to changing airflow; the primary use is to judge the most efficient speed to fly at, and possibly also to avoid stalls.
The patagium is the wing membrane; it is stretched between the arm and finger bones, and down the side of the body to the hind limbs and tail.
This skin membrane consists of connective tissue , elastic fibres , nerves , muscles , and blood vessels. The muscles keep the membrane taut during flight.
The patagium is an extremely thin double layer of epidermis; these layers are separated by a connective tissue centre, rich with collagen and elastic fibres.
The membrane has no hair follicles or sweat glands, except between the fingers. To achieve flight, a bat exerts force inwards at the points where the membrane meets the skeleton, so that an opposing force balances it on the wing edges perpendicular to the wing surface.
This adaptation does not permit bats to reduce their wingspans, unlike birds, which can partly fold their wings in flight, radically reducing the wing span and area for the upstroke and for gliding.
Hence bats cannot travel over long distances as birds can. Nectar- and pollen-eating bats can hover, in a similar way to hummingbirds.
The sharp leading edges of the wings can create vortices , which provide lift. The vortex may be stabilised by the animal changing its wing curvatures.
When not flying, bats hang upside down from their feet, a posture known as roosting. The ankle joint can flex to allow the trailing edge of the wings to bend downwards.
This does not permit many movements other than hanging or clambering up trees. This difference is reflected in the structure of the cervical or neck vertebrae in the two groups, which are clearly distinct.
Muscular power is needed to let go, but not to grasp a perch or when holding on. When on the ground, most bats can only crawl awkwardly.
A few species such as the New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat and the common vampire bat are agile on the ground.
Both species make lateral gaits the limbs move one after the other when moving slowly but vampire bats move with a bounding gait all limbs move in unison at greater speeds, the folded up wings being used to propel them forward.
Vampire bat likely evolved these gaits to follow their hosts while short-tailed bats developed in the absence of terrestrial mammal competitors.
Enhanced terrestrial locomotion does not appear to have reduced their ability to fly. Bats have an efficient circulatory system.
They seem to make use of particularly strong venomotion, a rhythmic contraction of venous wall muscles. In most mammals, the walls of the veins provide mainly passive resistance, maintaining their shape as deoxygenated blood flows through them, but in bats they appear to actively support blood flow back to the heart with this pumping action.
Bats possess a highly adapted respiratory system to cope with the demands of powered flight, an energetically taxing activity that requires a large continuous throughput of oxygen.
In bats, the relative alveolar surface area and pulmonary capillary blood volume are larger than in most other small quadrupedal mammals.
It takes a lot of energy and an efficient circulatory system to work the flight muscles of bats. Energy supply to the muscles engaged in flight require about double the amount compared to the muscles that do not use flight as a means of mammalian locomotion.
In parallel to energy consumption, blood oxygen levels of flying animals are twice as much as those of their terrestrially locomoting mammals.
As the blood supply controls the amount of oxygen supplied throughout the body, the circulatory system must respond accordingly.
When the bat has its wings spread it allows for an increase in surface area to volume ratio. The digestive system of bats has varying adaptations depending on the species of bat and its diet.
As in other flying animals, food is processed quickly and effectively to keep up with the energy demand. Insectivorous bats may have certain digestive enzymes to better process insects, such as chitinase to break down chitin , which is a large component of insects.
Nectivorous and frugivorous bats have more maltase and sucrase enzymes than insectivorous, to cope with the higher sugar contents of their diet.
The adaptations of the kidneys of bats vary with their diets. Carnivorous and vampire bats consume large amounts of protein and can output concentrated urine ; their kidneys have a thin cortex and long renal papillae.
Frugivorous bats lack that ability and have kidneys adapted for electrolyte -retention due to their low-electrolyte diet; their kidneys accordingly have a thick cortex and very short conical papillae.
Bats have higher metabolic rates associated with flying, which lead to an increased respiratory water loss. Their large wings are composed of the highly vascularized membranes, increasing the surface area, and leading to cutaneous evaporative water loss.
They are also susceptible to blood urea poisoning if they do not receive enough fluid. The structure of the uterine system in female bats can vary by species, with some having two uterine horns while others have a single mainline chamber.
Microbats and a few megabats emit ultrasonic sounds to produce echoes. This allows bats to detect, localise, and classify their prey in darkness.
Bat calls are some of the loudest airborne animal sounds, and can range in intensity from 60 to decibels. The latter is most pronounced in the horseshoe bats Rhinolophus spp.
In low-duty cycle echolocation, bats can separate their calls and returning echoes by time. They have to time their short calls to finish before echoes return.
Bats contract their middle ear muscles when emitting a call, so they can avoid deafening themselves. The time interval between the call and echo allows them to relax these muscles, so they can hear the returning echo.
In high-duty cycle echolocation, bats emit a continuous call and separate pulse and echo in frequency. The ears of these bats are sharply tuned to a specific frequency range.
They emit calls outside this range to avoid deafening themselves. They then receive echoes back at the finely tuned frequency range by taking advantage of the Doppler shift of their motion in flight.
These bats must deal with changes in the Doppler shift due to changes in their flight speed. They have adapted to change their pulse emission frequency in relation to their flight speed so echoes still return in the optimal hearing range.
In addition to echolocating prey, bat ears are sensitive to the fluttering of moth wings, the sounds produced by tymbalate insects, and the movement of ground-dwelling prey, such as centipedes and earwigs.
The complex geometry of ridges on the inner surface of bat ears helps to sharply focus echolocation signals, and to passively listen for any other sound produced by the prey.
These ridges can be regarded as the acoustic equivalent of a Fresnel lens , and exist in a large variety of unrelated animals, such as the aye-aye , lesser galago , bat-eared fox , mouse lemur , and others.
By repeated scanning, bats can mentally construct an accurate image of the environment in which they are moving and of their prey.
The eyes of most microbat species are small and poorly developed, leading to poor visual acuity , but no species is blind. Microbats may use their vision for orientation and while travelling between their roosting grounds and feeding grounds, as echolocation is only effective over short distances.
Some species can detect ultraviolet UV. As the bodies of some microbats have distinct coloration, they may be able to discriminate colours.
Megabat species often have eyesight as good as, if not better than, human vision. Their eyesight is adapted to both night and daylight vision, including some colour vision.
Microbats use a polarity-based compass, meaning that they differentiate north from south, unlike birds, which use the strength of the magnetic field to differentiate latitudes , which may be used in long-distance travel.
The mechanism is unknown but may involve magnetite particles. Most bats are homeothermic having a stable body temperature , the exception being the vesper bats Vespertilionidae , the horseshoe bats Rhinolophidae , the free-tailed bats Molossidae , and the bent-winged bats Miniopteridae , which extensively use heterothermy where body temperature can vary.
The wings are filled with blood vessels, and lose body heat when extended. At rest, they may wrap their wings around themselves to trap a layer of warm air.
Smaller bats generally have a higher metabolic rate than larger bats, and so need to consume more food in order to maintain homeothermy.
Bats may avoid flying during the day to prevent overheating in the sun, since their dark wing-membranes absorb solar radiation.
Bats may not be able to dissipate heat if the ambient temperature is too high;  they use saliva to cool themselves in extreme conditions.
Bats also possess a system of sphincter valves on the arterial side of the vascular network that runs along the edge of their wings.
When fully open, these allow oxygenated blood to flow through the capillary network across the wing membrane; when contracted, they shunt flow directly to the veins, bypassing the wing capillaries.
This allows bats to control how much heat is exchanged through the flight membrane, allowing them to release heat during flight.
Many other mammals use the capillary network in oversized ears for the same purpose. Torpor , a state of decreased activity where the body temperature and metabolism decreases, is especially useful for microbats, as they use a large amount of energy while active, depend upon an unreliable food source, and have a limited ability to store fat.
Torpid states last longer in the summer for megabats than in the winter. During hibernation , bats enter a torpid state and decrease their body temperature for Heterothermic bats during long migrations may fly at night and go into a torpid state roosting in the daytime.
Unlike migratory birds, which fly during the day and feed during the night, nocturnal bats have a conflict between travelling and eating.
The energy saved reduces their need to feed, and also decreases the duration of migration, which may prevent them from spending too much time in unfamiliar places, and decrease predation.
In some species, pregnant individuals may not use torpor. Small prey may be absent in the diets of large bats as they are unable to detect them.
Flight has enabled bats to become one of the most widely distributed groups of mammals. Bat roosts can be found in hollows, crevices, foliage, and even human-made structures, and include "tents" the bats construct with leaves.
In temperate areas, some microbats migrate hundreds of kilometres to winter hibernation dens;  others pass into torpor in cold weather, rousing and feeding when warm weather allows insects to be active.
Different bat species have different diets, including insects, nectar, pollen, fruit and even vertebrates. Insectivorous bats may eat over percent of their body weight, while frugivorous bats may eat over twice their weight.
The Chiroptera as a whole are in the process of losing the ability to synthesise vitamin C. Most microbats, especially in temperate areas, prey on insects.
Fruit eating, or frugivory, is found in both major suborders. Bats prefer ripe fruit, pulling it off the trees with their teeth.
They fly back to their roosts to eat the fruit, sucking out the juice and spitting the seeds and pulp out onto the ground. This helps disperse the seeds of these fruit trees, which may take root and grow where the bats have left them, and many species of plants depend on bats for seed dispersal.
Nectar-eating bats have acquired specialised adaptations. These bats possess long muzzles and long, extensible tongues covered in fine bristles that aid them in feeding on particular flowers and plants.
This is beneficial to them in terms of pollination and feeding. Their long, narrow tongues can reach deep into the long cup shape of some flowers.
When the tongue retracts, it coils up inside the rib cage. Around species of flowering plant rely on bat pollination and thus tend to open their flowers at night.
Some bats prey on other vertebrates, such as fish, frogs, lizards, birds and mammals. These bats locate large groups of frogs by tracking their mating calls, then plucking them from the surface of the water with their sharp canine teeth.
A few species, specifically the common, white-winged , and hairy-legged vampire bats, only feed on animal blood hematophagy. The common vampire bat typically feeds on large mammals such as cattle ; the hairy-legged and white-winged vampires feed on birds.
Bats are subject to predation from birds of prey , such as owls , hawks , and falcons , and at roosts from terrestrial predators able to climb, such as cats.
Speakman argue that bats evolved nocturnality during the early and middle Eocene period to avoid predators. Among ectoparasites , bats carry fleas and mites , as well as specific parasites such as bat bugs and bat flies Nycteribiidae and Streblidae.
White nose syndrome is a condition associated with the deaths of millions of bats in the Eastern United States and Canada. The fungus is mostly spread from bat to bat, and causes the disease.
Bats are natural reservoirs for a large number of zoonotic pathogens ,  including rabies , endemic in many bat populations,    histoplasmosis both directly and in guano,  Nipah and Hendra viruses ,   and possibly the ebola virus.
Compared to rodents, bats carry more zoonotic viruses per species, and each virus is shared with more species. Some bats lead solitary lives, while others live in colonies of more than a million.
This may serve to introduce young to hibernation sites, signal reproduction in adults and allow adults to breed with those from other groups.
Several species have a fission-fusion social structure , where large numbers of bats congregate in one roosting area, along with breaking up and mixing of subgroups.
Within these societies, bats are able to maintain long term relationships. Bats are among the most vocal of mammals and produce calls to attract mates, find roost partners and defend resources.
These calls are typically low-frequency and can travel long distances. Males sing to attract females. Songs have three phrases: Bat songs are highly stereotypical but with variation in syllable number, phrase order, and phrase repetitions between individuals.
Calls differ between roosting groups and may arise from vocal learning. The animals made slightly different sounds when communicating with different individual bats, especially those of the opposite sex.
Bats in flight make vocal signals for traffic control. Greater bulldog bats honk when on a collision course with each other. Bats also communicate by other means.
Male little yellow-shouldered bats Sturnira lilium have shoulder glands that produce a spicy odour during the breeding season. Like many other species, they have hair specialised for retaining and dispersing secretions.
Such hair forms a conspicuous collar around the necks of the some Old World megabat males. Male greater sac-winged bats Saccopteryx bilineata have sacs in their wings in which they mix body secretions like saliva and urine to create a perfume that they sprinkle on roost sites, a behaviour known as "salting".
Salting may be accompanied by singing. Most bat species are polygynous , where males mate with multiple females.
Male pipistrelle, noctule and vampire bats may claim and defend resources that attract females, such as roost sites, and mate with those females.
Males unable to claim a site are forced to live on the periphery where they have less reproductive success. For temperate living bats, mating takes place in late summer and early autumn.
In hibernating species, males are known to mate with females in torpor. Females of some species have delayed fertilisation, in which sperm is stored in the reproductive tract for several months after mating.
Mating occurs in the autumn but fertilisation does not occur until the following spring. Other species exhibit delayed implantation , in which the egg is fertilised after mating, but remains free in the reproductive tract until external conditions become favourable for giving birth and caring for the offspring.
During the delayed development the mother keeps the fertilised egg alive with nutrients. This process can go on for a long period, because of the advanced gas exchange system.
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